JLCA Physical Examinations of Students

Physical Examinations of Students 

The Board is aware of the relationship between student health and success in school. Recognizing that parents/guardians bear the major responsibility for attending to the health needs of their children and that the school system has an interest in the well-being of its students, the Board adopts the following policy.

A. Physical Examinations and Screenings

Parents/guardians shall be encouraged to have their children physically examined prior to entering pre-k and again in Grade 5 by the school physician. Dental examinations shall also be encouraged.

Physical exams will be offered to all children entering pre-kindergarten and Grade 5.

Dental exams will be offered by a dental hygienist to all children entering Grade 2.

Vision and hearing screenings will be conducted as required by Maine law. Parents will be notified of any suspected health problems identified through screening.

School staff is encouraged to be alert to the general well-being of students and should refer any concerns to the building principal and/or school nurse.

B. Participation in Athletics 

Students who wish to participate in middle school or high school athletics are required to have a physical examination and medical approval before doing so. Thereafter, students participating in athletics must have a physical examination on a schedule recommended by their health care provider, but not less frequently than once every two years. A student will not be allowed to participate in practice or competition without the required physical examination and medical approval.

Sports physicals will be offered by the school physician in Grades 5, 7, 9 and 11 (two times per year).

C. Parental Consent

    Parent/guardian consent shall be required for physical examinations if given by the school physician or under the auspices of the school.

    Parents/guardians and eligible students (students 18 years of age or older) shall be notified annually and have the opportunity to opt the student out of any     non-emergency, invasive, physical examination or screening that is:

1. Required as a condition of attendance;

2. Administered by the school and scheduled by the school in advance; and

3. Not necessary to protect the immediate health and safety of the student, or of other students.

    For the purpose of this policy, “invasive physical examination” means any medical examination that involves the exposure of private body parts, or any act        during such examination that includes incision, insertion, or injection into the body, but does not include hearing or vision screenings.

        [NOTE: The two paragraphs immediately above reflect requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act; see 20 U.S.C. § 1232h(c).]

Legal Reference:        
20-A M.R.S.A. §§ 6402-A, 6451-6453  
20 U.S.C. § 1232h(c)

Cross Reference:        
JLCB - Immunization of Students

Adopted: June 29, 2004 
Reviewed: March 16, 2011
Revised: November 9, 2016, April 9, 2019 

M.S.A.D. #4